: From excerpts of a report written in 1993 by John N.
"It is documented that Scanewa was over six feet tall, very strong
and highly respected for his leadership qualities. His oldest son was Richard
Scanewa, otherwise known as Tyee Dick, chief of the Cowlitz, the Nisqually, and
the Puyallup. Chief Scanewa had seven wives among the various tribes of western
Washington. Cowlitz genealogist, Michael Hubbs indicates that many of the
Cowlitz descendants of today trace back to three Scanewa daughters at Cowlitz
Prairie who were married to Simon Plamondon, John McLeod, and Jean Baptiste
Chalifoux. Hubbs is himself a descendant of Simon Plamondon.
died while returning from a trip to Hudson's Bay's Fort Langley in 1828. During
his visit Scanewa won big while gambling with the local Indians. Sensing a deep
air of displeasure amongst the losers, Scanewa asked Hudson's Bay people if he
might stay another night at the Fort. They, of course, agreed. He should have
stayed even longer or asked for an escort because while proceeding home the next
day, he was waylaid, robbed and murdered in full view of his wife and year-old
daughter. Annie's great grandmother, Iuse Musch (Scanewa) Chalifoux, was born in
1827, married Chalifoux in 1840 at age 13, gave birth to Josephine in 1842, and
Elizabeth in 1844 and died of smallpox in 1847 at age 20. Various researchers
have mistakenly concluded that Iuse Musch was the wife documented by Fort
Nisqually Journal as being buried by Chalifoux at Cowlitz Prairie in 1852.
However,research indicates that she died at Cowlitz Prairie in 1847 as Chalifoux
had not yet sold his large land claim in Lewis County at that time and did not
seek employment at Fort Nisqually until 1850. The wife buried in 1852 at Ft.
Nisqually was more than likely, Falenel. Chalifoux next married Sophia who bore
his son, John Baptiste Junior.
Tribal history states that Skanewa was ruler over 17 sub-chiefs and their
tribes. In 1830, George Simpson said, "Nearly all the furs got now at this place
pass through the hands of three chiefs or principal Indians viz. Concomely King
or Chief of the Chinooks at Point George, Casseno Chief of a tribe or band
settled nearly opposite Belle Vue Point and Schannaway (Scanewa) the Cowlitch
of ANTON SCHANEWA) and TA WIS NA are:
(Harriet) , b.
1827, Cowlitz Settlement, Washington Territory; m. Jean Baptise Chalifoux, d.
1847, Ft. Nisqually, Washington Territory.|
(Veronica), m. SIMON PLAMONDON.|
(Mary), m. JOHN
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